Hillcrest Mayfield Eye Associates offers diagnosis and treatment for Glaucoma.
Glaucoma is a condition characterized by excessive pressure in the eye, or intraocular pressure. This irregularly high pressure is due to a buildup of fluid in the eye. As intraocular pressure increases, it can compress the eye’s optic nerve, eventually leading to vision loss.
Around 3 million people in the United States have glaucoma; although only half are aware of it. For people over 60 years old, glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness. The loss of vision is often so gradual that by the time you notice any difference in your vision, the glaucoma is already at an advanced stage.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Different types of glaucoma have different symptoms. The most common form of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. It usually has no symptoms in the early stages. Later on, though, as the optic nerve is increasingly damaged, the following symptoms appear:
- Blank spots in your field of vision, typically the peripheral vision
- Tunnel vision during the later stages
Another type of glaucoma, called acute angle-closure glaucoma, happens very quickly. This is a medical emergency and can lead to blindness if untreated. If you experience any of the following symptoms, contact an ophthalmologist or visit the emergency room immediately:
- Sudden blurry vision
- Severe eye pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Halos or rainbow-colored rings around lights
- Reddening of the eye
Risk Factors for Glaucoma
Certain factors may increase your risk of developing glaucoma, including:
- Already having increased intraocular eye pressure due to another reason
- Being older than 60 increases the risk of glaucoma in general; people who are over 40 years old may have an increased risk of acute angle-closure glaucoma.
- Being of certain ethnic descents, such as being of African-American, Japanese or other Asian descent
- Family history of glaucoma
- Medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, elevated blood pressure and underactive thyroid
- Other eye conditions such as eye inflammation, injury, lens dislocation, retinal detachment or tumor
- Use of corticosteroid medications over a long time
When to See an Eye Doctor
The most effective way to limit damage to your vision caused by glaucoma is with early diagnosis and treatment. This means having regular eye examinations that include measuring your intraocular pressure.
If you experience gradual changes in vision, call Hillcrest Mayfield Eye Associates at 440-442-4330 for an exam. Our office is located at 6770 Mayfield Road Suite 338, Mayfield Heights, OH.
If your vision changes suddenly, or if you have any other symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma, seek immediate care with an eye doctor or at the emergency room. Again, if left untreated, glaucoma can lead to blindness.